Top 10 Programming Languages For Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is concerned with creating intelligent machines that are able to carry out activities that typically call for human intelligence. While advances in machine learning and deep learning are causing a paradigm shift in virtually every sector of the tech industry, AI is an interdisciplinary science with multiple approaches. And companies/developers must consider a suited, top programming language for artificial intelligence.

What are AI Programming Languages Used For?

Programming languages help create these technologies that have nearly changed how we perceive the current world. Machines can model and even enhance human mental abilities with artificial intelligence. AI is increasingly a part of everyday life, from self-driving cars to the development of smart assistants like Siri and Alexa. Artificially intelligent technologies are being purchased by a large number of technology firms across a variety of industries.

Programming languages that help develop AI are available with different features. So let’s take a glimpse at them!

List of Best Artificial Intelligence Programming Language

  • Java
  • Haskell
  • Python
  • Julia
  • Prolog
  • C++
  • LISP 
  • R
  • Scala
  • JavaScript

Also Read About – Best Programming Language For Cross Platform App Development

Top Artificial Intelligence Programming Language List

1. Java 

The object-oriented programming language Java has a straightforward syntax and makes debugging simple. Java continues to win over developers with each new generation, with a proven track record in software development, mobile app development, and now even as one of the top AI programming languages.

Programming for artificial intelligence relies on quick execution and quick runtimes, which are Java’s greatest strengths. It has good production value and works well with all major analytical frameworks. Data analysis, natural language processing, deep learning, machine learning, and many other areas can all benefit from its assistance.

Salient advantages: Java’s ease of use, quick debugging, portable memory management, and versatility are among its greatest advantages as an AI programming language. 

2. Haskell

Haskell is a modern AI programming language that is only functional and has many advantages. It has advanced features like type classes that make it possible to overload operators that are type-safe. Lambda expressions, type classes, pattern matching, type polymorphism, and list comprehension are additional features. 

Haskell is ideal for use in academia, industry, and research due to all of these features. It is also one of the safest and commonly used programming languages for AI – because of its adaptability and capacity for error handling. 

Salient advantages: Its safety and speed are commendable. 

Also Read About – 15 Examples of Artificial Intelligence in Marketing

3. Python 

Due to its extensive collection of pre-designed libraries that streamline the AI development process, Python is the most popular AI programming language. Python is a popular choice for natural language processing because of its straightforward structure and text processing tools like NTLK and SpaCy.

It’s used by developers because it lets them focus on important aspects of development like innovation, problem-solving, and design thinking. On the other hand, coding is handled by libraries and simple syntax.

Salient Advantages: Python is well-documented, has strong community support, and it is simple to integrate with other programming languages.

4. Julia

Julia’s ability to convert algorithms directly from research papers into code, which reduces model risk and increases safety, is an intriguing feature. It is a high-performance AI programming language made for modern AI applications and is ideal for Python or R developers. 

It has remarkable speed, powerful computational capacity, simple syntax that looks like a script, and many other features that help developers create the best AI programming.

Salient Advantages: Julia has good support for interactive use, feels like a scripting language, and can be typed dynamically.

5. Prolog

Prolog’s superior pattern matching, metalevel reasoning, and tree-based data structuring make it a top programming language for artificial intelligence. Natural language processing, computer vision, and intelligent database search all rely heavily on the pattern matching features.

The programmer specifies the end goal and a set of rules, or “facts,” in Prolog AI programming. After establishing a connection between the two, Prolog employs pattern matching to achieve the desired outcomes.

Salient Advantages: Recursive list handling in Prolog facilitates analytics, problem solving, and enhanced application performance.

6. C++

C++ has a slightly longer learning curve than other AI programming languages due to its slightly more complex syntax. This may be a problem for newcomers, but once one gets past the learning phase, C++ offers some unique advantages in AI programming.

C++ accompanies restricted yet exceptionally compelling AI and profound learning libraries written. Linear regression and other supervised learning algorithms are supported by SHARK. MLPACK provides algorithms that are adaptable and can be incorporated into scalable ML solutions.

Salient Advantages: C++ is excellent at dynamic load balancing, adaptive caching, and memory management.


Given that LISP can process symbolic information, it is one of the top ai programming languages. It excels in situations where symbols and symbolic expressions are used to compute. 

It uses logical thought and knowledge representation are typically solved using symbolic AI as the primary approach. Most likely, the first AI programming language was LISP. In point of fact, John McCarthy, the creator of LISP, is credited with coining the very term ‘artificial intelligence’. 

Salient Advantages: Automatic garbage collection, rapid prototyping, dynamic object creation, and support for symbolic expressions make it one of the most adaptable programming languages.

8. R

R is a statistical analysis and data analytics programming language that is freely available and open source. One will be able to quickly create custom AI applications that they can deploy within their own organization. 

If they learn to build and use these AI applications with R: applications for deep learning, predictive modeling, and the extraction of crucial information from large volumes of text, among other things. R’s basic syntax is easy for people who are familiar with Java or Python, and hence one of the best programming language for AI development.

Salient Advantages: Widely used, particularly in research and academia. Simple formulas and statistical models can be written in a few lines. makes it an excellent model for AI.

9. Scala

Scala makes code much faster, simpler, and more efficient. Developers can use the Scaladex index, which contains Scala libraries and resources, to create applications of high quality. Scala has pattern matching, fast functions, browser tools, customizable interfaces, and other features. It is one of the best AI development tools, and developers in that field have been impressed by it.

Scala, a responsive language, is useful for creating distributed systems and preparing data for the production of future AI-focused applications. 

Salient Advantages: It is a good program for handling complicated material because it can handle complex algorithms and stream data on a large scale. 

10. JavaScript

Due to its numerous high-level machine learning tools and libraries, JavaScript is regarded as the top programming language for artificial intelligence. It is a promising choice for beginners learning AI or general web development and is a reliable option for any web developer because it is relatively simple to learn.

JavaScript can be used to control both backend and frontend operations. Video, buttons, and data storage are all part of this. Using JavaScript, one can guarantee security, speed, and speedy development.

Salient Advantages: JavaScript is a client-side script that speeds up the process of connecting to the server. As a result, program execution is sped up.

Conclusion – Best AI Programming Languages

AI is emerging as the next big thing, with new and interesting features being launched each day. While it is an innovation in technology, there’s a lot of effort that goes in creating AI applications. And to make all of it possible, AI programming languages come into play. 

However, even choosing a language needs proper consideration. One must outline the objectives and outputs of the project before choosing an AI language. Analyzing the current tasks and determining the resources needed to complete them is just as needed. The next step is to decide which AI programming language is best suited to the project. This is done by taking into account the libraries and tools that come with each language.
To shortlist the best suited and top programming language for artificial intelligence, the above listed information will help. So don’t wait up, and explore today!

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